Wireless M-Bus Gateway (ext. Power)

Wireless M-Bus NB-IoT Gateway with external power supply.

Additional LoRaWAN upload is planned for future firmware versions very soon.
ModelLOB-GW-DINRAIL-HYB-WMBUS
Order number
  • 8000157 - Wireless M-Bus Gateway (ext. Power, Hutschiene)
  • 8000158 - Wireless M-Bus Gateway (ext. Power, 230V)



8000157 - Wireless M-Bus Gateway (ext. Power, Din-Rail)

Antenna included

8000158 - Wireless M-Bus Gateway (ext. Power, 230V)

Antenna included

Table of Content

Overview

The Lobaro Wireless M-Bus Gateway is a simple to use, cost and energy efficient device that receives, caches and forwards metering consumption data from up to 500 Wireless M-Bus enabled devices (more on request possible), like water meters, electricity meters, heat meters onto the Internet.



The gateway collects data from all metering device conforming to the 868 MHz Wireless M-Bus standard (EN 13757-4) or uses Sensus RF Bubble UP low power short range FSK radio modulation to broadcast consumption data. Their wireless range is typically only about 50m with this traditional technology. The Lobaro Wireless M-Bus Gateway extends this range by collecting the short range data and then uploads it using modern cellular IoT networks (Narrowband IoT) onto the Internet.


Metering data is send to the Lobaro Platform, were it gets parsed, displayed and made available for further processing. Because most Wireless M-Bus telegrams are encrypted, the Platform allows adding decryption keys for individual meters, so that the data can be decrypted by the Platform.

Basic work cycle

Quick start guide

  • Make sure the SIM card is inserted correctly.
  • Connect power to the device
  • Go to The Lobaro Platform and log into your account.
  • Go to "Devices" and select your "Lobaro NB-IoT wMBus Gateway".
  • If you have several Gateways: the "Address" is printed on the device's case as "DevEUI".
  • You should see all wMBus Telegrams the Gateway collected so far.
  • If the data is encrypted (closed lock symbol 🔒), you can add keys for your devices under "Organisation → wMbus".
  • Push the reset button inside the device, if you want to trigger data collection (will take several minutes).

Compatible meters

The Lobaro wMBUS Gateways are working with every meter using standard 868 MHz wMbus:


For more details please refer to our Wireless M-BUS article on doc.lobaro.com.

Setting up the device

Interfaces

Connections as on the label:

  1. Vin - Supply voltage 12 - 24 Volt DC
  2. GND - Ground
  3. Vout - same as Vin
  4. NC - not connected
  5. NC - not connected
  6. GND - Ground
  • Connected cables must be between 0.05 mm² (AWG30) and 1.31 mm² (AWG16).
  • Inserted cable length must be between 6mm and 7mm.
  • Recommended wire termination: 
    • Weidmüller: H0,14/10 GR SV, Article Nr.: 9005180000, 8mm/6mm, max. AWG26


  • All cables must only be connected or disconnected while the device is not powered
  • Vout only supports small consumers like sensors with  1W 


Power Supply


  • Power supply via external mains adapter with 12 - 24 Volt DC
  • Power output must be at least 2W and maximum 100W.


Radio (LoRa, FSK, NB-IoT, LTE Cat-M1)

Female SMA ConnectorAntennaNano SIM (4FF) for mobile connectivity

The antenna is used for different radio technologies based on LoRa, FSK including LoRaWAN® and wireless MBUS S1, C1/T1 Modes (868 MHz), OMS v3 & v4.

The same antenna is also used for communication via NB-IoT and LTE Cat-M1. A Nano SIM (4FF) is required for mobile connectivity.

The SIM Cad must be inserted or removed only when the device is not powered.

Properties of compatible SMA Antennas: 

SMA Joint Rod Antenna (LTE, LoRa)
Frequency range698-960 / 1710-2700 MHz
Length108 mm
Antenna Gain2 dBi
V.S.W.R<= 2.5
RadiationOmnidirektional
PolarisationVertical
Max. Power5 W
Impedance50 Ohm
ConnectorSMA Male
Material of domeTPE
Lobaro Article Nr. 3000413


The device was only tested with the listed antenna. Lobar does not take liability for the use with other antennas.

RESET-Button

  • Press the RESET Button to restart the deivce
  • The RESET Button can be pressed through a small hole in the cover (e.g. with a paper clip). The position is marked with a ring on the label.

Config Port

  • The config port can only be reached when the cover is removed
  • The configuration port is compatible with our 6-pin Lobaro USB Configuration Adapter (Arcticle Nr. 8000005).
  • A free to use configuration tool can be downloaded from the Lobaro website


LED

  • Status information is visualized via the LED

Mobile operator and LTE band configuration

If you are using a different mobile operator than pre-configured, you should change the mobile operator code set in the Config Parameters Operator and (LTE) Band Operator codes are 5 digit codes that indicate country and operator.


For details about configuration for mobile network operation please refer to our article about Mobile Network Connection


Configuration

The device is shipped with default configuration parameters. The configuration can be changed via the 6-pin config port using the Lobaro USB Configuration Adapter.

More information about the usage of the configuration tools can be found in our documentation.

Remote Configuration is also supported after initial network connection.


NB-IoT Parameters

The NB-IoT functionality is enabled if the WAN parameter is set to "lte". A SIM-Card has to inserted.

NameDescriptionDefault ValueValue Description & Examples
HostHostname / IP of the Lobaro Platform API94.130.20.3794.130.20.37 = backend.lobaro.com (warning) DNS is not supported yet
PortPort number of the Lobaro Platform API5683

OperatorMobile Operator Code2620126201 (=Deutsche Telekom), for other operators, see above.
BandNB-IoT Band8"8", "20", "8,20", Empty = Auto detect (longer connecting time)
APNMobile operator APNiot.1nce.net

1nce: iot.1nce.net

Vodafone Easy Connect: lpwa.vodafone.com (l = littel L)


PINSIM PIN (since v0.7.0)
Empty or 4 digits (e.g. 1234)
UseNbiotTry to connect with NB-IoTtrue

UseLtemTry to fallback to LTE-M when supported by the Modemfalse(warning) not supported with all Hardware revisions

Metering reception Parameters

NameDescriptionDefault ValueDefault Values & Examples
cmodeDurSecDuration (Seconds) of wireless M-Bus C1/T1-mode receive3000= Do not collect C1/T1 mode
smodeDurSecDuration (Seconds) of wireless M-Bus S1-mode receive00= Do not collect S1 mode
xmodeDurSec Duration (Seconds) of Sensus RF receive0 0= Do not collect Sensus RF telegrams
mFilterwMBus manufacturer filter sep. by , e.g. dme,itw (Comma separated list WITHOUT spaces)

blank= no filter,  (warning) not used for xmode (Sensus RF)
typFiltermeter device type filter e.g. 08,07 for Heat Cost and Water (Comma separated list WITHOUT spaces)

blank= no filter, (warning) not used for xmode (Sensus RF)

00: "Other",
01: "Oil",
02: "Electricity",
03: "Gas",
04: "Heat",
05: "Steam",
06: "Warm Water", // 30 - 90°C
07: "Water",
08: "Heat Cost",
09: "Compressed Air",
0A: "Cooling load meter (outlet)",
0B: "Cooling load meter (inlet)",
0C: "Heat (inlet)",
0D: "Heat / Cooling load meter",
0E: "Bus / System component",
0F: "Unknown",
10: "consumption meter",
11: "consumption meter",
12: "consumption meter",
13: "consumption meter",
14: "Calorific value",
15: "Hot Water", // >= 90°C
16: "Cold Water",
17: "Dual Water meter", // Hot and Cold
18: "Pressure",
19: "A/D Converter",
1A: "Smoke detector",
// 1B - DD: "Reserved"
1B: "Room", // e.g. temp, humidity
1C: "Gas detector",
1D: "Sensor",
1E: "Sensor",
1F: "Sensor",
20: "Breaker (electricity)",
21: "Valve (gas or water)",
22: "Switching device",
23: "Switching device",
24: "Switching device",
25: "Customer unit (display device)",
26: "Customer units",
27: "Customer units",
29: "Garbage",
2A: "Carbon dioxide",
30: "system device",
31: "Communication controller",
32: "Unidirectional repeater",
33: "Bidirectional repeater",
34: "system device",
35: "system device",
36: "Radio converter (system side)",
37: "Radio converter (meter side)",
38 - 0x3F // Reserved for system devices
40 - 0xFE: Reserved
FF: "Invalid", // Wild card searching [EN 13757-3:2013], 11.3 and 11.5.3
devFilter

meter id filter e.g. 

  • cmode, smode (wmbus): 88009035 (digits)
  • cmode, smode (wmbus): 06198833 (8 digits with leading 0)
  • xmode (Sensus RF): 10121335300 (11 digits, no "-"!)

(Comma separated list WITHOUT spaces: 88009035,13456035,56268931)


blank= no filter
maxTelegramsMaximum number of telegrams to receive. If reached, the upload is started.0
listenCronCron expression defining when to receive wMBUS0 0 12 * * *0 0 12 * * * = (once per day)

 See also our Introduction to Cron expressions.


Modes of operation (work cycle)

This chapter explains how the device works to collect and upload wireless Mbus data.

  1. Wakup at listenCron / On start up of device ignore listenCron always run following steps.
  2. Collect C-Mode and T-Mode telegrams for cmodeDurSec (if not 0)
  3. Collect S-Mode telegrams for smodeDurSec (if not 0)

  4. Collect X-Mode telegrams (Sensus RF) for xmodeDurSec (if not 0)
  5. Upload all stored data via NB-IoT / LTE-CatM1 or LoraWAN (see "WAN" configuration)
    1. When the upload fails the upload is retried every 24h or until the next listenCron trigger.
  6. Sleep till next listenCron or status telegram upload.

Deduplication

When collecting wMbus telegrams, duplicates are always replaced by the latest telegram in memory. This leads to only 1 Telegram per Type and Meter per upload phase.

A telegram is considdered a duplicate when all of the following criteria match:

  • The actual length of the telegram is the same
  • The ID is the same
  • The CI-Field is the same

Mobile data consumption

Uploading one wMbus telegram consumes approximately 400 bytes data including all metadata.

Telegram upload intervalMonthly NB-IoT data usage
1 each Day~12 kB
8 each Day (every 3h)~100 kB
400 each Week~700 kB
250 each Day~3 MB

All calculations are estimations and might varry depending on the configuration


The Lobaro Platform

The easiest way to work with the Lobaro wMBus Gateway is the Lobaro Platform. You can find it under https://platform.lobaro.com – Log in with the credentials provided by Lobaro.

Your Gateways should be listed under "Devices". If you have multiple devices in your account, you can distinguish them by the field "Address". The Address is printed on the box of the Gateway (the Address is the IMEI of the modem used by the device; that is the unique hardware address used for mobile communication).



CE Conformity

  • EN 300 220-1 & EN 300 220-2 (Radio Spectrum)
  • EN 301 908-1 & EN 301 908-13 (Funk Spectrum)
  • EN 301 489-3 & EN 301 489-52 (EMV)
  • EN 62368-1 (Electrical Safety)
  • EN 62311:2008 (Electrical Safety)
  • EN 50581 (RoHS)

CE Declaration of Conformity